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PARTS OF A COMPOUND BOW

PARTS OF A COMPOUND BOW

Mar 9th 2018

If you’re interested in becoming an advanced archer for competitions, hunting, or recreation, you need two things — TONS of practice and an in-depth understanding of every part of your bow.

Do you know the name of every part of your compound bow and what it’s used for? Are you familiar with the modifications and developments made in archery over the last few years? There has been a lot of evolution in the engineering and development of bows and arrows, but compound bows have remained pretty consistent as of late. If you need to learn more about the parts of a bow, this article is for you.

String

The most important part of a bow in our eyes! The string stretches from cam to cam on a two cam system. On a solo cam system, the bowstring ends both end at the single cam, but the string travels around the top idler wheel.

Riser

This is the part of a bow that all limbs and accessories attach to. Here you will find the grip. Make sure you inspect your bow for cracks and dents because they could be causing unnecessary vibrations in your arrow shots.

Limbs

The limbs are a main component of the bow and give bows their overall shape. The limbs are flexible fiberglass planks that are attached to the riser on one end and support the cam or idler wheel at the other end. Limbs allow for flexing which translates into energy build up as the bow is drawn. The limbs of your bow should be screwed down tightly at all times when shooting and you should always make sure there are no cracks in the limbs. You will need to replace the limbs periodically because they lose their springiness over time.

Arrows

green fletched arrows

Arrows aren’t technically one of the parts of a bow, but they are important enough to mention here. They are most often made from aluminum or carbon or both. The most popular choice for archers tends to be carbon because it maintains its shape (straightness) and is much more durable. Another advantage of the carbon arrow is its preferable weight to spine ratio.

Berger Hole

The Berger hole is the tapped hole that can be found above the arrow shelf on a regular compound bow. The arrow rest is screwed from the outside of the riser into the Berger hole. Upon setting your bow, make sure that the arrow is centered in the middle of the Berger hole.

Bow Sling

A bow wrist sling is the part of a bow that’s installed along with a stabilizer. This prevents archers from dropping their bows after taking a shot. Make sure to install your sling loosely so you don’t have to add torque when an arrow is fired.

Cables

The cables on a compound bow appear similar to the bowstring and run from one cam to another. The cables work with the cams when a shot is executed.

Cable slide

The cable slide attaches to the cable guard and holds the string and cables out of your line of fire. The cable slide ensures the arrow is not impeded by the string and cables.

Bow sight

This part of a bow is found mounted to the front of the bow in the sight window of the riser. The bow sight allows for pinpoint accuracy during aiming. If you find that your arrows are not landing where you are aiming, you likely need to adjust the bow sights.

Peep sight

The peep sight is used while aiming the bow and consists of a circular plastic or metal piece that is inserted into the bowstring. The peep sight enables the archer to line up the arrow’s trajectory with the front sights.

Arrow Rest

The arrow rest holds your arrow when the bow is drawn. Like many parts of a bow, there is an alternate name for the rest — the arrow shelf.

Stabilizer

Stabilizers are rods that absorb vibration during release of the arrow and provide a counterbalance for the weight of the bow when it is drawn. Stabilizers can be over 28″ when used for applications such as indoor target shooting.

competitor using stabilizer part of a bow

60X Custom Strings

We specialize in a number of different bowstrings for compound bows, crossbows, and recurve bows as well as accessories for sights and stabilization. Read our blog for more updates, news, and advice or reach out to our team for assistance finding the perfect strings for your bow.